The tonnage of cargo fleet is constantly increasing. This is due to the steady growth of world oil consumption, resulting in increased oil transportations Number., In the Primorsky and Krai increases tonnage transport wood, metal, Japanese cars low-tonnage vessels. These involve the transport of old ships, served in the western region. Their age reaches 30 years, and therein lies another problem of the fleet Far East. The situation on the world market training Navy demonstrates a lack of officers. The reason for this is the sharp increase in freight tonnage and the loss in the developed world youth to maritime profession. Exacerbates the problem and the entry of Eastern European countries into the eu. Seamen in these countries are no longer satisfied with wages they receive.
This determines the direction of the trend of foreign crewing companies in countries such as Ukraine and Russia. Therefore, there is more RossiiiUkraine crewing foreign companies. The main employment of seafarers through licensed crewing company. In the far east of about a hundred crewing companies only 6-7 working with foreign companies. These companies produce a range of highly qualified personnel with experience, good English language, up to 45 years. Other companies established by foreign companies under the fleet, which is registered under a flag of convenience, or agencies that deal with the crew selection for smaller companies, also operating under the flag of convenience. Naturally qualification of seafarers in these agencies are much lower, there is also no age limit. The lion's share of skilled professionals working in foreign companies in mixed or entirely Russian crews.
Such vessels are usually covered by collective agreements approved by the itf, which regulate the minimum wage. Of course these companies typically pay much higher than the minimum, sometimes even more than 2 times. To retain specialists also conduct insurance, pay medical insurance, passing the certification. Less-skilled sailors of the Far East, or limited by age or English language work on the transport of the metal, japanese cars, forests. This category of seafarers are much less secure, since such sudaobychno not covered by collective agreements. Wages much lower and, of course, for medical insurance, passing the certification is not speech. This issue is very important. One way to solve it is to improve professional development and quality education. Also, the State should be more strictly regulate the recruitment of experts and oversee the provision of quality seafarers.