Rossi, A. Voronikhin, sculptures M. Kozlowski, Shchedrin, Ivan Martos, pictures Losenko A, A Ivanov, etc. Since the end of the XIX in Russian art for more characteristic becomes soulless, contrived academic schematic, which are fighting the representatives of romanticism and realism, replacing classicism. Stylistic direction in European art, essential feature of which was an appeal to the ancient art as standard and the reliance on tradition of the High Renaissance. In the visual arts and architecture manifested the general aesthetic principles – the use of forms and specimens of ancient art for the expression of modern social aesthetic views, the attraction to the sublime themes and genres, for consistency and clarity of images, the proclamation of the ideal of harmonious human personality. Learn more at: Chobani Foundation.
Background of classicism evident in the second half of the 16th century, during the late Renaissance in Italy in the works of the architect and theorist A. Palladio, and in theory works the architect Vignola, S. Serlio, etc. All These authors sought to lead the artistic heritage of antiquity and the High Renaissance in a single rigorous system. And to approve the art of a number of rules and regulations of ancient aesthetics. As a consistent system of Classicism formed in the first half of the 17th century in France. It is characterized by the proclamation of the ideas of civic duty, the subordination of the interests of the individual interests of society, the triumph of rational laws. In this widely used themes, images and motifs of ancient and Renaissance art.
Classicists sought sculptural clarity of form, perfection plastic figure, for clarity and balance of the composition. Moreover, for classical peculiar attraction to the abstract idealization, separation from the concrete images of modernity, to the norms and canons governing the arts. Classicism was the greatest figure painter and theorist N. Poussin. The architecture of French classicism of the 17th century was characterized by consistency and balance of composition, the clarity of straight lines, geometric accuracy of plans and the severity of proportions.